A New Wave Of Reason In Africa By Leo Igwe

By Leo Igwe

At least 55 persons attended the International Free-thought Conference recently held in November in Accra. This meeting hosted by the newly formed local humanist group, was the first of its kind in the history of Ghana -a country recently polled to be the world’s most religious nation. The conference generated both local and international media attention with reports carried by Reuters and the BBC. Humanist and skeptical activists from other West African countries- including Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone attended the program. Many foreigners living in Ghana were also at the event. To many local participants, the event was a great opportunity to meet physically with people of like mind. It was a great boost to the growing community of reason-oriented persons in a country where they often feel lonely or alone.

There were presentations from resource persons drawn from Ghana and overseas. These presentations focused on the challenges facing skeptically oriented individuals and non religious people in the region particularly in the face of threats from fanatics and paranormalists.

One of the guest speakers, Prof Raymond Osei emphasized the need for an ‘African Humanism’ that is free from any imposition of western humanist canons. Personally I found this objectionable. Humanist and skeptical values are universal, not western, so are the dangers posed by dogma, un-reason and superstition. How these universal values are applied to specific challenges in specific regions can be qualified as African, European, Asian or Australian. But it should not be taken to mean that African humanist or skeptical values are distinct and different from such values as obtained in other parts of the world or vice versa. In a world that has become a global village such categorizations are no longer tenable. Instead these ‘false’ dichotomies could only undermine our ability to put issues into perspective. They can only hamper the pace of progress and development.

I delivered a keynote at the event and used my presentation to remind participants of the wise words of Ghana’s first president Kwame Nkrumah and the implications of his thoughts for humanism and skepticism in the region. Several years ago, Nkrumah said: “Fear created the gods, and fear preserves them, fear in bygone ages of wars, pestilence, earthquakes and nature gone berserk, fear of acts of God. Fear today of the equally blind forces of backwardness and rapacious capital." As I noted in my speech, this "saying was true of Africa of Nkrumah days and is true of Africa of today. Millions of Africans are suffering and dying due to fear and ignorance."

Many more Africans are suffering and dying due to ‘the fear of those acting in the name of god –the priests, pastors, prophets, imams, sangomas, faith healers, witch doctors who confuse, manipulate and exploit gullible ignorant folks. The witch hunters, the jihadists and ‘crusaders’, in Mali, Nigeria, Uganda, Sudan, Egypt, Kenya, Somalia, Algeria and in other places who kill and maim-or incite people to kill, maim and abuse- in the name of their god or the supernatural.’

The conference started with a music video, the Symphony of Science, featuring lyrics from prominent philosophers, skeptics and scientists- Bertrand Russell, Carl Sagan, Michael Shermer, Sam Harris, Richard Dawkins, and of course our own James Randi. This video ‘is intended to promote scientific reasoning and skepticism in the face growing amounts of pseudoscientific pursuits, such as astrology and homeopathy, and to promote the scientific worldview as equally enlightening as religion’

It was my first time of seeing the video and of listening to those verses of skeptical wisdom, which lifted my heart and fired my spirit.

I was particularly inspired by the lyrics from Richard Dawkins which says:

There is a new wave of reason

Sweeping across America, Britian, Europe, Australia

South America, the Middle East and Africa

There is a new wave of reason

Where superstition had a firm hold.

And standing before the participants at the Ghana conference and having had the rare privilege -in the past decade- of taking part, in organizing or helping organize similar conferences and meetings in Nigeria, Cameroun, Uganda, Kenya, Senegal, Malawi, South Africa, Liberia, Benin etc. I can testify that a new wave of reason is really sweeping across the African continent where superstition had- and still has- a fierce hold.

The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of SaharaReporters

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Sorry i will have to disagree

Sorry i will have to disagree with you when you imply that religious people are reason-oriented only because their belief is not based off of neither sound argument or concrete evidence. Instead peoples pillar of conviction is by "faith". Hence it is impossible for one to use critical thinking with reasoning and have a debate with someone who uses "faith". For example... If one says that evidence has proven that the earth is billions of years old and the bible states it to be only approximately 6000yrs since Adam and Eve than it will end in both parties agreeing to disagree. One has used reasoning and evidence that has proven to be factual while the other has used faith, which has proven to be ignorantly misleading. Moreover, that is only the beginning of the ludicrous statements.



I think our African GODS (in the plural) were pretty humanistic ...


forget the imported ones !!!
sorry: invading ones.



long life to the minority!



At last, Leo Igwe musters enough gumption to declare his 'religion' of preference. And don't keep deluding yourself that you are reason-oriented while religious people are not. I actually feel genuine pity for you because you're merely dirtying yourrelf in your shallow puddle of minority illusions